Australia at Artificial Intelligence (AI) inflection point

Australia at Artificial Intelligence (AI) inflection point, report finds 

Australia is at a crossroads with developing AI technologies, with the potential to become a leader or laggard in technical and regulatory innovation. 

In a new report by the Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (ATSE)and the University of Adelaide’s Australian Institute for Machine Learning (AIML), 13 of Australia’s top AI experts find that AI has the potential to augment, simplify and improve the way we live our lives.  

However, to reach that point the nation urgently needs to build social license and public understanding, as well as spearhead new AI research and development activity to ensure AI technology is responsibly deployed and regulated. 

Responsible AI: Your questions answered provides essential guidance to aid the development of AI technologies in Australia. 

The current AI moment the world is experiencing is a golden opportunity for Australia to invest in its people and its technology, said ATSE CEO Kylie Walker. 

“Our strong institutions, innovation ecosystem, effective governance and high rate of technology adoption position Australia to lead the world in the development of Responsible AI. 

“The authors in this report are unanimous. Australia needs to invest in AI research and coordination between academia and industry to foster a culture of research, innovation and risk-taking. 

“This culture of innovation needs to be backed by a laser focus on the science and technology skills we urgently need in the Australian workforce.  

“Support for STEM education and teacher development are fundamental to create literacy about AI impacts and how it works across the wider community,” said Kylie.

Professor Simon Lucey, Director of the Australian Institute for Machine Learning (AIML), said that Australia should aim to be at the forefront of Responsible AI creation, but that industry needed to prioritise AI-enabled innovation to do so. 

“Our key industry sectors are at crucial juncture where embracing AI is no longer just an option,but a necessity. That means being AI creators, not just AI users,” Simon said. 

“AI capability is really centred around talented people, so Australia’s university sector has a leading role to play here. AI’s rapid growth means we need to ramp up to meet demand, but we also need new kinds of university-industry partnerships for the future. 

The essay collection contributes independent analysis to the national AI conversation following the government’s efforts to outline appropriate safeguards. In March 2023, ATSE helped deliver a Rapid Response Information Report on Generative AI for the National Science and Technology Council, to outline risk and opportunities.  

Published during AI Month, the Responsible AI collection of essays makes clear that AI can help us solve big national problems in new ways. 

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